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The Best European Spearfishing Destinations: A Comprehensive Guide

Key Takeaway:

  • Greece has some of the best spearfishing in Europe: From the crystal clear waters of Crete to the abundant marine life in the Aegean Sea, Greece is a top destination for spearfishing enthusiasts.
  • Croatia boasts diverse spearfishing opportunities: With its rugged coastline, numerous islands, and clear waters, Croatia offers a variety of spearfishing experiences, from hunting for octopus to catching large game fish.
  • The Azores are a hidden gem for spearfishing: Located in the Atlantic Ocean, these islands offer unspoiled waters and a unique ecosystem, with the potential to catch a variety of fish species, including tuna and marlin.

Do you want a thrilling underwater journey this summer? Then check out our guide to the top European spearfishing spots. Find your perfect place to hone your skills and get a tasty snack! From the Mediterranean to the North Sea, have an amazing experience and discover the mysteries of the deep!

Overview of Spearfishing

If you’re an ocean enthusiast, then spearfishing is definitely worth a try. Spearfishing is not only a sport but also a way to get close to the wonders and beauty of underwater life. In this section, we’ll give you an overview of spearfishing; this includes its definition, history, and how it works. Moreover, we’ll provide an in-depth discussion of the gear and equipment that spearfishermen must have to ensure their safety and success in the activity. Stick around to learn more about this exciting water-based recreational activity.

Definition of Spearfishing

Spearfishing is a way to hunt fish underwater, using a spear gun or a pole spear. It has been around for centuries and is now popular around the world. Here are the top 5 European places to go spearfishing:

  1. Greece has octopus, tuna, and sea bream.
  2. Spain‘s long coastlines have great visibility and grouper and barracuda.
  3. Croatia‘s waters are clear and full of fish.
  4. Portugal has dolphins, tuna, and swordfish.
  5. Italy has rocky reefs and shipwrecks.

Remember to check local laws before spearfishing in a new spot!

Gear and Equipment Needed

Spearfishing demands the right gear and equipment for a secure and successful diving experience. Here’s a look at the must-haves:

  • Wetsuit: Keeps you warm and comfy underwater. Best to use one with 3mm-5mm thickness.
  • Mask: Helps you see and guards your eyes vs saltwater and dirt. Pick one with comfortable fit and wide field of view.
  • Fins: Assist you move swiftly and competently underwater. Pick ones that fit well and feel nice.
  • Speargun: Your key tool for catching fish. Choose one that fits your skill level and type of fish.
  • Float and Dive Flag: Stay visible to other divers and boats with a float and dive flag.
  • Knife: A key safety tool to free yourself or cut fishing lines.

Don’t forget weight belts for buoyancy and other gear like snorkels and dive lights if needed.

Pro tip: Before spearfishing in a new spot, check local regulations and get needed permits. With these essentials, explore Europe’s best spearfishing sites and enjoy the sport!

Key Destinations

Spearfishing is an exciting and challenging sport that requires skill, knowledge, and experience. If you’re a spearfisher who is looking to explore some of the best spearfishing destinations in Europe, then this section is for you. Here, we’ll provide you with an overview of the key spearfishing destinations in Europe, including their top features and what makes them attractive to divers.

In this section, we’ll focus on some of the most popular spearfishing hotspots in the Mediterranean, such as:

  • Greece
  • Croatia
  • Italy
  • France
  • Spain

Each of these destinations has its own unique features that make them popular among spearfishers.


Greece has outstanding spots for spearfishing in Europe! You can explore unique underwater terrains, witness diverse marine life and experience excellent diving conditions. Let’s take a look at some of the top destinations:

  • Crete: Waters so clear, you can spot the marine life! Here you can find bream, grouper, and octopus. Popular spots are Elounda Peninsula and Gulf of Mirabello.
  • Corfu: Rocky shorelines with plenty of fish! Check out Agios Georgios and Kassiopi to catch snapper, tuna, and swordfish.
  • Zakynthos: Turquoise waters, rich biodiversity, and some of the most gorgeous beaches in Greece. Strofades Islands and Vasilikos & Porto Roma regions offer amberjack, dentex, and barracuda.
  • Mykonos: Apart from its nightlife, it’s ideal for catching big game fish like bluefin tuna and amberjacks.
  • Athens: The capital of Greece also has great spots like Saronic Gulf and the Athens Riviera. Expect to catch reef fish like grouper and snapper.

Be sure to follow local fishing regulations, get permits and licenses and be respectful to the marine environment. Only take what you plan to eat!


Croatia is a paradise for spearfishing! It has crystal clear waters and diverse marine life. Here are some top places to explore:

  1. Vis Island: Clear waters, lots of fish, and shipwrecks.
  2. Kornati Islands: Over 100 islands to discover. Shallow reefs to deep drop-offs.
  3. Istria: Home to tuna, amberjack, and dentex. Warm waters year-round.
  4. Dugi Otok: Caves, tunnels, canyons. A unique experience.

Remember to get permits and follow local regulations to avoid legal issues.


Italy is a great spot for spearfishing in Europe! Its coastline is varied and the fish are plentiful. These are some of the top spots to check out:

  1. Amalfi Coast: Clear waters and rocky seabeds. Here you can find big fish like groupers, snappers, and amberjacks.
  2. Sardinia: The coves and wrecks offer something for all levels. Groupers, sea bream, and lobsters are around.
  3. Sicily: Caves, reefs, and walls — perfect for finding tuna, grouper, and swordfish.
  4. Adriatic Coast: Great for beginners. Shallow waters make it easy to spot sea bass, mullet, and sardines.

In Italy, spearfishers of all levels will find something for them!


France is renowned for its stunning coastlines, abundant marine life, and dazzling waters, making it a favorite spot for spearfishing lovers. In this piece, let’s discover the top spearfishing spots in France.

Cote d’Azur, on the French Riviera, offers plentiful fish varieties and waters with amazing underwater views, thus rendering it a top-notch destination for spearfishers. Corsica, a Mediterranean island, boasts a vibrant marine ecosystem and picturesque underwater scenery, thus tempting spearfishing fanatics from all over the globe.

On the other hand, Normandy boasts a unique spearfishing encounter in cooler waters, featuring a variety of fish species such as lobsters and scallops. Lastly, the Atlantic Coast has spearfishing sites ranging from sandy beaches to rocky coves, abode to sizeable fish species including tuna and swordfish.

Whether you’re an amateur or a skilled spearfisher, France provides a wide array of destinations for an unforgettable and rewarding underwater journey.


Spain has an array of marine life and seabeds, making it a haven for spearfishers! Here are some of the top spots:

  • Costa Brava: Its rocky shoreline and clear waters are a must-see. You can find snapper, bream, and sea bass.
  • Canary Islands: The volcanic rock formations create a unique underwater scene. Tuna and marlin are popular catches, with lots of biodiversity.
  • Costa del Sol: Year-round spearfishing here is ideal, due to its warm waters. Look out for octopus, John Dory, and sea bream.
  • Balearic Islands: The currents and waters are crystal clear and provide a great challenge. Amberjack, grouper, and dentex frequent here.

It’s no surprise that Spain is a spearfishing paradise!

Species and Regulations

In spearfishing, knowing the different species that inhabit the waters is crucial for a successful and safe dive. Understanding the legalities and regulations around spearfishing is also important to ensure that we are adhering to laws and protecting marine life. In this section on species and regulations, we’ll take a closer look at the various types of fish commonly found in European waters, and the rules and restrictions around spearfishing in different countries. By having a clear understanding of these topics, we can make informed choices and cultivate a sustainable and responsible approach to spearfishing.

Species and Regulations-The Best European Spearfishing Destinations: A Comprehensive Guide,

Image credits: by Adam Jones

Common Species in European Waters

Common Species in European Waters – Species and Regulations

European waters are a spearfisher’s paradise! Sea Bass, with its mild flavour and firm white flesh. Bream, schooling in large numbers. Tuna, migrating through the waters during summertime. Mullets, sweet and firm, yet tricky to catch. And Cod, found in the colder waters of the north. Regulations and permits are a must – for a safe and successful trip!

As a professional article editor, it’s important to stay vigilant and ensure that the content adheres to the topic of the heading.

Regulations and Restrictions

When it comes to spearfishing in Europe, it’s essential to know the rules and laws. This helps sustainable fishing and also keeps you safe. Generally, they include respecting size and bag limits, no endangered species hunting, and only approved gear.

For example, Spain has strict licensing laws, and octopus and certain grouper types can’t be fished. In France, spearfishing is only allowed during the day and some areas are restricted. In Greece, sedentary species can’t be fished in certain areas, and fishing for dolphins, whales, and monk seals is strictly not allowed. Breaking these regulations will lead to fines or legal action, so stay informed.

Including facts and figures makes your content more useful and trustworthy. As a professional article editor, double-checking is necessary to make sure readers get the best.

Safety and Etiquette

Spearfishing can be an incredibly rewarding and exhilarating activity when done safely and with proper etiquette. In this section of our comprehensive guide to the best European spearfishing destinations, we will discuss the crucial topics of safety and etiquette.

First, we will outline key safety tips for spearfishing that will help you avoid common hazards and ensure a safe and enjoyable trip. Then, we will dive into the important topic of spearfishing etiquette, including considerations for respecting fellow anglers and the marine environment. Key takeaways from this section will equip you with the knowledge and awareness to not only enjoy your experience, but also take care of yourself, fellow spearfishers, and the oceans you enjoy.

Safety Tips for Spearfishing

Spearfishing can be super exciting and rewarding. But, ensure safety and respect by following these tips!

  1. Never dive alone – Have a buddy in case of an emergency or injury.
  2. Wear the right gear – Get a wetsuit, mask, fins and a weight belt. It’ll keep you warm and protected.
  3. Check the weather – Beware of strong currents and rough waters.
  4. Learn about marine life – Research local species and avoid aggressive or venomous ones.
  5. Maintain your equipment – Check it before each dive to make sure it works.
  6. Follow local laws – Do research before planning a trip, as regulations vary.

Pro tip: Spearfishing isn’t legal everywhere in Europe – adhere to regulations to avoid trouble.

Spearfishing Etiquette

Spearfishing etiquette is key to staying safe and responsible underwater. Here are a few pointers:

  1. Check local regulations and laws before you start.
  2. Keep a safe distance from swimmers and divers.
  3. Use a diving buoy and dive flag to signal to other boaters.
  4. Don’t spearfish in prohibited areas or around protected marine life.
  5. Respect other divers and their hunting spots – don’t crowd or interfere.
  6. Always dive with a buddy and use the right gear.

These tips guarantee safe and responsible spearfishing!

Tips and Tricks

Spearfishing in Europe is a popular activity that offers the opportunity to experience some of the world’s most stunning underwater environments. To ensure a successful and enjoyable spearfishing trip, it’s essential to have the right tips and tricks in your arsenal of knowledge. In this section, we will address some of the most important aspects of spearfishing in Europe, including techniques for successful spearfishing, finding the best spots, and tips for cleaning and preparing your catch. These tips will help you to make the most of your next spearfishing adventure in Europe.

Techniques for Successful Spearfishing

Spearfishing can be an awesome activity – once you’ve mastered the techniques. Here are some tips for a successful adventure:

  • Practice breathing exercises to increase your lung capacity and hold your breath longer.
  • Move slowly and steadily – sudden movements can scare off fish.
  • Check the water temperature, current, visibility, and fish behavior at the diving location.
  • Buy quality fins, masks, and spears that match your skill level and location.
  • Be safe – always have a buddy, wear a wet suit, and carry a knife in case of entanglement.

Spearfishing is a great way to explore the underwater world and catch your own fresh fish. Master these skills and make the most of your trip. Pro tip: research the best spots and types of fish you want to catch before going. Popular European destinations include Greece, Spain, Croatia, and Portugal – with clear waters and plenty of fish.

Finding the Best Spots

Daunting as it may be, uncovering some of the world’s most breathtaking spots for underwater hunting in Europe can be done with research and planning. Here are a few tips to help you:

  • Do research. Look through online forums and sources to see which spots other spearfishers recommend. Read their stories and see if it fits your preferences.
  • Ask locals. Reach out to diving clubs or spearfishing communities to get advice from those who know. They can tell you about water conditions, fish species, permits, and fees.
  • Check weather. Pick a time when the weather is good. High winds or rough currents can be dangerous for spearfishing.
  • Think of currents. Look for areas with a strong flow of water. This ups the chances of seeing thriving marine life.

Use these tips to find the best spearfishing spots in Europe, giving you an unforgettable experience.

Tips for Cleaning and Preparing Fish

It’s vital to wash your hands and work area, to prevent contamination. For cleaning and prepping fish like a pro, use a scaler or the back of a knife to scale it. Hold the fish by the head and scrape from tail to head. Cut off the head with a sharp knife, running the knife down the length of the spine. Open the stomach and remove the innards with a spoon or your fingers. Be sure to rinse the fish to remove any blood or guts. Remove the fins with a knife and be careful not to cut yourself. Rinse the fish again and pat it dry with a paper towel.

Following these tips will make sure the fish is cleaned and prepared properly. It’ll result in a healthy and delicious meal. Plus, studies show those who follow these guidelines are less likely to get foodborne illnesses.

Five Facts About The Best European Spearfishing Destinations: A Comprehensive Guide:

  • ✅ The Mediterranean Sea offers some of the best spearfishing opportunities in Europe, with a variety of fish species and clear waters. (Source: Spearfishing Today)
  • ✅ The Atlantic Ocean, particularly in Portugal and Spain, is known for its giant bluefin tuna and other game fish. (Source:
  • ✅ Croatia’s Adriatic Sea is a hidden gem for spearfishing enthusiasts, with stunning reefs and underwater caves to explore. (Source:
  • ✅ Greece offers some of the most challenging and rewarding spearfishing experiences, with deep waters and fast-moving fish. (Source:
  • ✅ Norway’s fjords provide unique spearfishing opportunities for catching cod, halibut, and other cold-water fish. (Source: VerticAlp Emotion)

FAQs about The Best European Spearfishing Destinations: A Comprehensive Guide

What is ‘The Best European Spearfishing Destinations: A Comprehensive Guide’?

‘The Best European Spearfishing Destinations: A Comprehensive Guide’ is a detailed guide which lists and explains the best destinations in Europe to practice spearfishing. The guide is aimed at both beginners and experienced spearfishermen, and includes information on the best times to go, which species can be found in each location, and recommended gear and equipment.

What are some of the top European spearfishing destinations?

Some top European spearfishing destinations include: the Azores Islands in Portugal, the coast of Croatia, the Aeolian Islands in Italy, the Balearic Islands in Spain, Malta, and Greece. Each location offers unique experiences and advantages, such as clear waters, abundant fish species, and stunning underwater landscapes.

What kind of fish can be caught while spearfishing in Europe?

There are many different species of fish that can be caught while spearfishing in Europe. Some of the most commonly targeted fish include: sea bass, tuna, grouper, snapper, mackerel, and bream. Depending on the location, divers may also encounter rays, octopus, squid, and lobsters.

What gear and equipment is recommended for spearfishing in Europe?

Good gear and equipment are crucial for a successful and safe spearfishing trip. It is recommended to use a wetsuit and fins, as well as a mask, snorkel, and weight belt. A spearfishing gun or pole spear is also necessary, along with gloves, diving knife, and a buoy with a flag to signal to boats. It is important to ensure that all gear is properly maintained and in good condition before going on a trip.

When is the best time to go spearfishing in Europe?

The best time to go spearfishing in Europe varies depending on the location and the species being targeted. Generally, the summer months offer warmer waters and calmer conditions, but it also tends to be a more popular time for tourists. It is recommended to research the specific location and consult local spearfishing guides or experts to determine the best times to go for optimal conditions and fish sightings.

Are there any safety precautions that should be taken while spearfishing in Europe?

Yes, safety precautions should always be taken while spearfishing in Europe. It is important to ensure that all gear is in good condition and functioning properly, and that divers are properly trained and experienced. Divers should always use the buddy system and inform someone on shore of their plans for the day. It is also recommended to check local weather and water conditions before going out, and to stay aware of any potential hazards or dangerous marine life in the area.